Safety, Articles, FAA Pages
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How to locate a missing glider
Use this comprehensive checklist to expedite finding a missing glider.
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National Glider Transponder Squawk Code 1202
(as of: 3-07-2012)
The FAA has assigned transponder code 1202 for use by gliders not in contact with an air traffic control (ATC) facility with an effective date of March 7, 2012. The notice was published in JO 7110.577, a copy of which is available on the FAA web site. Read the FAA notice:
Update 3-8-2012: Gliders are to Squawk 1202 in Wave.
See Wave Windows.
Altitude Encoding Transponders Recommended
The Potential conflict
between gliders and commercial air traffic near Reno has increased with
the growth of commercial jet traffic into Reno-Tahoe Airport (RNO) . PASCO
emphasizes that glider pilots operating in the Reno area must be alert
for all air traffic arriving and departing RNO.
Transponder signals are received by Traffic Collision Avoidance Systems
(TCAS) on board commercial aircraft as well as by Air Traffic Control (ATC)
PASCO recommends that gliders operating cross country, within
50 NM of Reno-Tahoe Airport, install and use an altitude encoding transponder.
- SQUAWK: The 4 digit code set in the transponder, such as 1202
- IDENT or SQUAWK IDENT: A controller may ask you to "ident" or "squawk ident" to verify your location on the radar screen. Do NOT push the ident button unless they ask you to. When asked, push the button on the transponder marked IDENT. This causes the target on the controllers radar screen to change, identifying your transponder location.
- Tow Planes are to Squawk 1200, as normal.
Reno Air Traffic Area Changed to
"Nor Cal Approach" -
effective Oct. 23, 2010
- Radio Contact is now with NorCal Approach
- North Sector is called "Nugget" frequency 126.3
- South Sector is called "Silver" frequency 119.2
Pilot Cockpit Card 02-14-2013 UPDATED (PDF 213KB)
- By PASCO. Thanks to Sergio Colacevich for his work to update this information. Cockpit Reminder
for Gliders Flying in Airspace Around Reno, NV. Updated for NorCal Approach and new Transponder Squawk Code 1202.
- Reno Glider Pilot RNO Procedures Revised 02-14-2013
- (PDF 350KB)
Thanks to Sergio Colacevich for his work in getting this document updated, and to Rolf Peterson, PASCO, for originally putting this together.
RECOMMENDED Communications Procedures for Glider Pilots Flying Gliders in the vicinity of Reno, NV. Revised Feb. 14, 2013.
Glider Pilots must now communicate with NorCal Approach. This is a "MUST READ" for your safety. Page 7 is the Pilot's Cockpit Card.
- Reno Area - Traffic
Procedures "Talking to ATC" (PDF 15KB)
- by: Mike Schneider. IMPORTANT UPDATE, where this document says
"Reno Approach", you now contact "NorCal Approach"
A great 3 page "Cheat Sheet" list of radio
communication lingo to use when talking to ATC, includes common phrases
and expected responses. Print this out and take it with you to study. Practice with a friend.
- Reno ATC - Reno
Air Traffic Control - 2006 (PDF 2.9MB)
- By Don Brooks PASCO 2006 - So you think
you are alone in the big friendly skies? - Don's presentation will open
your eyes. IMPORTANT UPDATE, where this document says"Reno Approach", you now contact "NorCal Approach"
- Transponders in Sailplanes-2014 (Link to Soaring Safety Foundation Site - PDF 1MB)
- By Eric Greenwell - Updated in 2014. Eric provides a lot of important and useful Information on Selecting, Installing, and Using a
Wave Windows - FAA
Minden and Pyramid Lake Wave Procedures
If you fly wave in Nevada YOU MUST READ Fred LaSor's presentation!
- FAA Minden and Pyramid Lake Area Wave Agreement (PDF 211 KB)
Updated Oct. 29, 2010 to show "NorCal Approach". Thanks to Rolf Peterson, PASCO, for putting this together.
New "Pen and Ink" changes to existing agreement, effective March 8, 2012 specify that gliders are to Squawk Transponder code 1202.
AGREEMENT Updates (Squawk Codes) Adobe PDF, 2 pages.
Review Minden/Pyramid wave documents and get a briefing from your local club or glider operation before you attempt a wave flight. They probably will not open the wave window for you if you have not been briefed.
- Wave Window Update - Fred LaSor - PASCO 2008 (496 KB PDF)
The Minden and Pyramid Lake area Wave Windows were re-negotiated and combined into a single agreement. The FAA document contains maps and coordinates of the wave window areas.
IMPORTANT UPDATE: where the document refers to "Reno Approach", you now contact "NorCal Approach" using same frequencies.
- Williams Soaring Center - Williams, CA Wave Procedures
Visit the Williams web site to view the Wave
Window information that was prepared by Peter Kelly and Darryl Ramm. Be sure to ask the WSC staff to review the requirements and be sure download the SUA file for your PDA prior to any wave flight attempt to make sure you stay in the window boundaries..
Safety Articles & Documents
- PASCO Safety Report - 2010 Safety Seminar (PDF 757KB)
- By Fred LaSor. 2010 Year in Review. A eye opening review of Glider Accidents in the USA, and Region 11. Reasons, statistics. View the supporting Excel spreadsheet 2010-PASCO-Accident-Tabulation.xls
- Staying Safe In Wave (PDF)
- by Fred LaSor - PASCO Safety Officer -- Wave season is upon us in PASCO-land, and it's time to review some considerations of flying at high altitudes for extended periods of time.
What Me Worry? (PDF 117 KB)
- By Martin Hellman - Presented at the PASCO 2007 Soaring
Seminar. None of us think of ourselves as resembling Alfred E. Newman,
me worry?" Mad
Magazine character – until after an accident, when we rigorously review
what we could have done differently.
- Safety Comes
- By Bruno Gantenbrink - A candid commentary on soaring
safety. 'That sentence, "The most dangerous part of gliding is
the trip to the glider field" is the dumbest, most ignorant saying
that has found a home in our sport.'
Flying Safety (PDF
- By Richard Pearl - 2006 - Do you know the affect of
high altitude on your glider? What speed should you fly? Take off?
Safety - What Causes Accidents (PDF 271KB)
- By Bill Reuland - 2006 What Cause High Percentage of
Accidents? Fatigue.. lack of practice.. Failure to maintain situational
- FAA Physiological
Training Course Brochure (PDF 182KB)
Altitude Chamber Ride and the FAA Basic Survival Course information.
What it is, and where to schedule it. You must have a FAA Class 3 medical
to go into the High Altitude Chamber, but not for the classes.
Hazards of Soaring Flights ( PDF 1.3MB)
- By Dr. Walter B. Cannon MD 2003 - Medical
conditions which could create dangerous situations in flight... Hypoxia,
Skin Cancers from Chronic Sun Exposure... more...
Safety - Procedure Alpha Map & Info card- (PDF 51KB)
- You should print and memorize this information (two pages)
and have them in your cockpit when flying the Whites.
- Set Altimeter to Bishop ASOS Pressure Alt (freq. 119.025)
- Report Position on 123.5 per the position map.
- Maintain 1,000 ft vertical separation.
- Use a transponder and squawk 1202.
- Install a PowerFlarm and use it.
- Open and PRINT the Procedure
Does Soaring Have to be so dangerous? NEW! An analysis of over 250 soaring accidents - by Clemens Ceipek
AOPA, and SSA Safety Links
Air Safety Foundation
- Ranges from publications to online courses. Air Safety Institute SafetyCasts bring the nation’s leading safety experts right into your home, 24-7. With so many to choose from, you’re bound to find no-nonsense safety advice tailored to your specific needs—advice you can use on your very next flight. Each seminar runs about 60 minutes.
- Soaring Safety Foundation http://www.soaringsafety.org/ -
Reduce accident rate in soaring
Increase pilot awareness of safety
Disseminate Training Information and material
FAA & NTSB Safety Links
- FAA Physiological
Training Course Brochure (PDF182KB)
- High Altitude Chamber Ride 'CAMI' and the FAA Basic Survival
Course information. What it is, and where to schedule it. You must have
a FAA Class 3 medical to go into the High Altitude Chamber, but not for
the classes. NOTE: The High Altitude Chamber Ride is no longer given in California. Interested parties need to research sites in the US still offering this training.
- FAA - FAAsafety.gov
- Safer Skies through Education - Aviation Learning.
National Transportation and Safety Board - Aviation Division
Database & Synopses, Accident Statistics.